Upon discovering CBD, you will also discover a puzzling new vocabulary used within the industry you may not fully understand. Here is a quick and easy guide to some of the CBD related terms used that may help you gain a better understanding of CBD and products available… which will help you to assess its suitability for you.
Broad spectrum products are created by blending an array of CBD isolate and terpenes but with no THC.
The percentage of a dose which enters into the circulation of the body and so is able to have an active effect.
Cannabichromene (CBC) is the third most common cannabinoid, is non-psychoactive and is thought to have anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant and anti-fungal properties.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the second most common cannabinoid in the cannabis plant. It has significant medical benefits, doesn’t make you feel high, and has been shown to counteract the psychoactivity of THC.
Cannabinol (CBN) is a psychoactive cannabinoid with about 10% the strength of THC that is thought to provide appetite stimulation, antibiotic, anti-asthmatic, pain relief, and sedative properties.
Cannabinoids are molecules that interact with cannabinoid receptors.
Cannabinoid Receptor Type 1 (CB1)
CB1 receptors are primarily found in the brain and central nervous system. CB1 receptors help modulate and moderate our perceptions of pain.
Cannabinoid Receptor Type 2 (CB2)
CB2 receptors are found throughout the immune system and organs such as the thymus gland, spleen, gastrointestinal system, and tonsils.
Cannabis Indica is used for medicinal and recreational purposes due to its higher levels of tetrahydrocannabinol or THC.
Cannabis Sativa is commonly known as hemp and has a variety of industrial uses. It is rich in cannabidiol, an all-natural non-psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant.
A product infused with pure CBD.
CBD oil is pure CBD extracted from cannabis plants and suspended in a carrier oil like olive oil, almond oil, coconut oil etc.
A CBD-rich oil is typically a full-spectrum CBD concentrate or a carrier oil that has been infused with CBD concentrate.
A CBD tincture is still a concentrated form of CBD, it is just suspended in distilled alcohol instead of a carrier oil.
Currently, the most common and preferred extraction method, CO2 extraction involves filtering plants through a series of chambers that control temperature and pressure. This process is able to isolate cannabinoids at a 90% efficiency.
Applying pressure to a material to forcefully remove oil. Cold pressed hemp oil is produced from hemp seeds rather than the stems and leaves. The resulting product contains no CBD.
A dabb is CBD contained in a wax that you apply high temperature heat to and inhale the resulting vapour. ‘Dabbing’ is one of the fastest and most bioavailable ways to feel the effects of CBD.
Distillate (or concentrate)
Distillates or concentrates are full spectrum compounds that have been stripped of unwanted compounds.
A theory that cannabinoids and terpenes when combined produce a greater effect rather than on their own as individual compounds.
Endocannabinoids are cannabinoid intercellular signals within the nervous system produced by the human body.
Ethanol extraction is a method for extracting cannabinoids.
Free radicals are linked to aging and disease. Cannabinoids are potent antioxidants that can interact with free radicals and stop the chain reaction before cells are damaged.
Full Spectrum (also called whole plant extract)
Full spectrum (or “whole plant”) products contain CBD as well as terpenes and other cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN and trace amounts of THC.
Oil from hemp seeds that is often produced using the cold press method. Hemp oil does not contain CBD.
Homeostasis is a term that describes a state of optimal functioning within the body. It is a state of internal conditions that must be able to adapt to maintain equilibrium.
Human Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
The Endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a complex cell-signaling system which plays a role in regulating a range of functions and processes, including sleep, mood, appetite, memory, fertility, pain etc. It is worth noting that the ECS exists and is active in your body even if you don’t use cannabis.
Industrial hemp is a lower-quality plant that is grown specifically for its seeds and fibers and not bred to produce high levels of cannabinoids and terpenes.
CBD can be inhaled either by smoking CBD flower buds, dabbing or by vaping an e-liquid that contains CBD. The benefit of inhalation is greater bioavailability and quicker metabolization.
CBD Isolates are purified CBD compounds that do not contain other terpenes or cannabinoids.
MCT oil commonly extracted from coconut oil or palm oil and contains medium-length chains of fats called triglycerides.
Neurotransmitters are produced by the nervous system in response to health and environmental factors. These signals interact with receptors found on the surface of cells throughout our bodies and provide instruction on how to regulate their activities.
Taking CBD orally refers to eating or drinking and absorbing the CBD through your digestive tract.
Organic hemp is hemp produced by methods that meet the standards of organic farming.
Pharmaceutical grade is the purest form of a compound. To be considered pharmaceutical grade the compound must excede 99% purity and contain no binders, fillers, excipients, dyes, or unknown substances. Pharmaceutical grade CBD is only available by prescription.
Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids produced by plants.
A salve is an ointment, cream or balm an ointment applied directly to an affected area to promote healing of the skin.
The use of a solvent like butane or ethanol to extract cannabinoids from cannabis plants.
Sublingual means the administration of CBD by putting drops under your tongue. This method allows substances to diffuse into the blood through the mucous membrane tissues under the tongue.
Terpenes are a class of organic compounds produced by a variety of plants.
The cannabis plant contains an assortment of terpenes that may act on cannabinoid receptors and enhance the effects of cannabinoids.
Lotions, creams, ointments, balms and other types of products that are applied externally to the skin.